Sleep apnea, High blood pressure, High cholesterol, Diabetes, Heart disease, Stroke and Gall bladder disease are just some of the prevalent risks of obesity. It is the condition where excessive fat in the body is predominant and despite dieting and exercise, it is becoming hard to control. Common causes are:
Unhealthy food environment (fast food and unhealthy preparation of food);
Genetics (parentage already have a history of obesity);
Inactive lifestyle and
An estimated of 93 million individuals in the population and predicted to grow up to 120 million in the next 5 years. Through an accurate Body Mass Index (BMI) computation and waist Circumference, an individual is diagnosed as obese.
After the dieting and extreme exercising fails, there are 3 common types of weight loss surgery to choose from. Namely they are:
Gastric bypass: Currently, the ‘gold standard’ from among the types of surgery for weight loss. This procedure bypasses most of the stomach and the first part of the small intestine. Advantages are: 70 to 80% of the excess body fat will be shed. It is also good for diabetics since it alters the body’s metabolism of carbs and increases insulin sensitivity and eliminating the use of medications. But it also has disadvantages like a much smaller stomach pouch, so a small portion sized diet is recommended.
Adjustable gastric banding: 50% of the extra body mass can be lost. The doctor will use an inflatable band to squeeze the stomach into 2 sections (smaller upper pouch and larger lower). They will be connected with a very small channel and slows the emptying of the upper pouch.
Gastric band is one of the types of weight loss surgery that makes an individual eat only soft and well-chewed half or one cup of food before feeling too full or sick. Pros of this are faster recovery, smaller scar and you can choose to remove the band in the future. You won’t see the results dramatically, but like a bypass, it needs discipline in eating or you’ll end up vomiting.
Sleeve gastrostomy: This is one of the most extreme medical pounds losing procedure. 75% of the stomach will be removed and what is left is a narrow tube or sleeve which connects to intestines. For extremely obese individuals, this is the only procedure they need to take. For them, other types of weight loss surgery are riskier and this is the simplest low risk and retains the systems nutrition absorption since the intestines are unaffected. It usually takes 12 to 18 months of recovery. Its cons are its irreversible and new, so risks and benefits are still evaluated.
Life after the Operation
Overall, the most important aspect of getting one of those medical operations is a healthier lifestyle after. The best thing a patient must do is resolving to stay healthy. Some clinics offer a pre and post bariatric care with their patients that could aid in their fast recovery. Maintaining the fat off is a challenge, so this move should be done not alone but with the support of family and friends.