Losing weight is one of the main things that a lot of people have a hard time dealing with. It also becomes one of the major problems when it turns into a medical situation called obesity. With obesity, the body mass index or BMI of an individual becomes 40 kilograms per square meter or more than that. With it, a lot of fats that have not been converted into energy are stored in a body, and these fats could harm the person physically. It could cause illnesses such as diabetes, hypertension, heart diseases, and different types of cancer.
Obesity gets a lot of social implications. In many societies, obese people tend to be less attractive in their school or work environment. In school, they tend to be bullied and as a result, have fewer friends. At work, they sometimes become discriminated and not prioritized when it comes to job opportunities or promotions.
To help obese people from having these physical, emotional, and social issues, some medical treatments have been provided to them. One of the most famous and most effective treatments is bariatric surgery. It is also known as weight loss surgery which helps obese people lose some weight by having some changes in their digestive system. In bariatric surgery, the upper part of their digestive system becomes small and the lower part (which is for remnants) become large. This is to control the amount of food that they can take inside the body.
With bariatric treatment, proper diet is very important. There is a program called bariatric eating to help obese people adjust their food intake gradually and effectively. This is also to allow their stomach to properly heal. Taking a lot of solid food may most likely stretch their stomach or digestive system forcibly, so it is important that they know the right way to eating.
After undergoing weight loss surgery, patients are usually not allowed to eat for two days. Then, they have to undergo liquid diet as part of bariatric eating program. Examples of liquid food that they can eat are cream soup, broth, milk, and unsweetened juice. These foods have to be taken slowly, and there should be a thirty-minute gap between eating and drinking.
Mashed Up or Pureed Foods
After a few days of having a liquid diet, individuals may start eating pureed foods, and these usually consist of fish, egg whites, soft fruits and vegetables, and cottage cheese. These types of food have to be mixed with broth, water, fat-free gravy or any unsweetened liquid.
Soft, Solid Food
Taking solid food has to be advised by the doctor first. If it’s already prescribed by the doctor, individuals with bariatric surgery can take solid food after weeks of taking pureed foods. They still have to be classified as soft though, to make sure that there won’t be any complication in their digestive tract. For a month or so, depending on their surgeon, they have to patiently take soft, solid food and let their body adjust to different types of food slowly.